Les mesures d’austérité en Grèce sont néfastes pour le respect des droits de l’homme

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Source : www.un.org/french/news

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1 mai 2013 – L’expert indépendant des Nations Unies sur la dette extérieure et les droits de l’homme, Cephas Lumina, a prévenu mercredi que les conditions exigées par les bailleurs de fonds internationaux pour le plan de sauvetage de la Grèce risquent d’entraver les possibilités de garantir un niveau de vie conforme aux normes des droits de l’homme pour un nombre considérable de Grecs. « Plus de 10% de la population en Grèce vit désormais dans une pauvreté extrême et le chômage des jeunes a atteint un taux sans précédent de 59,3% », déplore M. Lumina dans un communiqué de presse au terme d’une mission d’une semaine en Grèce où il s’est rendu pour évaluer l’impact de la crise économique et des mesures d’austérité sur la population.

Afin d’éviter le défaut de remboursement, la Grèce a accepté en 2010 les conditions de la Commission européenne, de la Banque centrale européenne et du Fonds monétaire international (FMI) pour mettre en œuvre des réductions drastiques des dépenses publiques afin de pouvoir recevoir un empreint d’urgence. Lire la suite

« Greece: the fight is far from over… » de Panagiotis Sotiris

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Despite the signs of relief from the part of EU and IMF representatives, the results of the June 17 election reflect a society that is highly polarized along social and class lines, a society that is still facing an open social and political crisis, and that is still filled with anger. As a social and political landscape, it still resembles a battlefield, and the struggle is far from over. Whoever thinks of the future in Greece simply in terms of implementing successive waves of austerity packages, based on a simple projection of the possibility of a pro-austerity government, will soon realize that reality is always richer in possibilities.

If one looks at the electoral results, the signs of social polarization are more than obvious. The Left is the leading political force in the voters that belong to the productive ages (18-55), in wage earners, in people from working class and lower middle class strata, in people in urban areas. The Right is the leading force in the voters that belong to higher age groups (older than 55), to bourgeois and upper middle class strata and rural areas. It is obvious that people that are facing social disaster and insecurity and are reacting more in terms of anger and collective struggle tended to vote for the Left. On the other hand people who were reacting to the deterioration of living prospects in more phobic terms, or were in fear of losing whatever real or imaginary social gains they had, tended to vote more for the Right. The Right could also benefit from a deep-rooted conservatism especially in provincial Greece, where the consequences of the crisis have not been felt in the same way as in urban areas. Moreover, New Democracy could benefit from the fact that the total ‘right-wing’ electoral bloc (including both pro- and anti-Memoranda forces) was already big on May 6, thus giving it a broader initial electoral ‘reservoir’. Lire la suite