The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939. The war began after a pronunciamiento (declaration of opposition, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pronunciamiento ) by a group of generals under the leadership of José Sanjuro (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Sanjurjo ) against the elected government of the Second Spanish Republic (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Spanish_Republic ) , at the time under the leadership of President Manuel Azana ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_Aza%C3%B1a). The rebel coup was supported by a number of conservative groups including the Spaish Confederation of the Autonomous Right,
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Confederation_of_the_Autonomous_Right) monarchists such as the religious conservativeCarlists (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlists), and the Fascist Falange ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falange)
Following the only partially successful coup, Spain was left militarily and politically divided. From that moment onwards, general Francisco Franco (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Franco) began a protracted war of attrition (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_attrition) against the established government for the control of the country. The rebel forces received the support of Nazi Germany and the Kingdom of Italy, as well as neighbouring Portugal, while the Soviet Union and Mexico intervened in support of the Republican government or loyalist side.
Atrocities were committed by both sides in the war. Organised purges occurred in territory captured by Franco’s forces to consolidate the future regime. A smaller but significant number of killings took place in areas controlled by the Republicans, normally associated with a breakdown in law and order.The extent to which killings in Republican territory were carried out with connivance of the Republican authorities varied. The Civil War became notable for the passion and political division it inspired. Tens of thousands of civilians on both sides were killed for their political or religious views, and after the War’s conclusion in 1939, those associated with the losing Republicans were persecuted by the victorious Nationalists.
The war ended with the victory of the Nationalists, the overthrow of the democratically elected government, and the exile of thousands of left-leaning Spaniards, many of whom fled to refugee camps in Southern France. With the establishment of a dictatorship led by General Francisco Franco in the aftermath of the Civil War, all right-wing parties were fused into the structure of the Franco regim
The following documentary film is produced by Adam Curtis and it has six episodes
1. Prelude to Tragedy, 2. Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Terror, 3. Idealists, 4. Franco and the Nationalists, 5. Inside the Revolution, and 6. Victory and Defeat.